On New York City’s bulletin on lot line requirements – and how it applies everywhere else

Determining when fire rated requirements apply, the type of fire rated glazing allowed, how much fire rated glazing can be used, and what happens when sprinklers are installed are just some of the issues that designers have to wrestle with.

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May 06, 2016 |
Bill O'Keeffe
On New York City’s bulletin on lot line requirements – and how it applies everywhere else

1 hour curtain wall adjacent to a parking area in a private office in Valley Stream, NY. Products used: SuperLite II-XL 60 with PPG Starphire Low-Iron insulated with Low-E in GPX Curtain Wall Framing; Architect: RPF; Glazier: AMG Contracting

Today’s buildings use glass extensively in the envelope for its ability to provide clear views and natural daylighting. Advances in glazing technology over the years has allowed designers to specify glazing systems that are also energy efficient and noise mitigating. When needed, the same glazing system can also protect against fire due to lot line requirements – and in an area as densely populated as New York City, these situations happen more often than you think.

Determining when fire rated requirements apply, the type of fire rated glazing allowed, how much fire rated glazing can be used, and what happens when sprinklers are installed are just some of the issues that designers have to wrestle with. Tim Nass, our VP of National Sales, talked about this issue at the recently concluded Facades+ Performance Conference in New York City, which was attended by over 300 architects, building envelope consultants, general contractors, owners and developers. His presentation discussed Building Bulletin 2015-17, which was recently issued by the NYC Buildings Department to clarify the code requirements for lot line openings. 

Section I talks about the limitations on fire protective glass used in openings and highlights important definitions for calculating fire separation distances that determine exterior opening limits. Once the fire separation distance has been established, BC Table 705.8 (Maximum Area of Exterior Wall Openings Based on Fire Separation Distance and Degree of Opening Protection) will be used to see if exterior openings are allowed, and how much. For the unlimited use of glazing, Section II states that fire resistive glazing assemblies tested to ASTM E119 are not considered openings, and therefore, can be used in all applications up to the maximum size tested. Fire resistive glazing can be used in areas where openings are either “Not Permitted” or constrained by area limitations per BC Table 705.8. This is because fire resistive glazing is not considered openings or fire windows, but rather, transparent wall assemblies. This is a very important distinction, and where an understanding of fire protective vs. fire resistive glazing products matter:

Click here to download the complete Consultant’s Guide to NYC BB 2015-17 and Fire Rated Exterior Openings 

Using fire resistive glass in exterior applications where fire protective glass is either constrained by area limitations or not applies to the rest of the country as well, not just New York. The 2012 and 2015 International Building Code (IBC) Table 705.8 lays out the percentage of protected and unprotected openings and size limits allowed in exterior walls based on fire separation distance defined in Section. To exceed these limitations, fire resistive glazing or transparent wall assemblies must be used.

You can check out our case studies on exterior fire resistive wall assemblies at Midtown Community Court in New York, NY; The Kensington in Boston, MA; Kromrey Middle School in Middleton, WI; San Jose Downtown Health Center in San Jose, CA and Aspen Art Museum in Aspen, CO to name a few. If you have a current or upcoming project that required fire rated glazing, don’t hesitate to contact us online, call us toll-free at 888.653.3333 or reach out to your local SAFTI FIRST architectural representative for assistance. 

 

 

 


 
Bill O'Keeffe | Clear on Technical Glass
SAFTI FIRST Fire Rated Glazing Solutions

About the Author: Bill O’Keeffe is the President and CEO of SAFTI FIRST Fire Rated Glazing Solutions, a leading USA-manufacturer of advanced fire rated glass and framing systems.  An industry veteran and innovator with over 45 years of experience in architectural glazing, he was first to introduce and manufacture clear, fire resistive glazing products in the US.  He is also a safety advocate who exposed the dangers of traditional wired glass, which lead to code changes and fire rated glass products that are safe, affordable and clear alternatives to traditional wired glass.  Today, Bill continues to develop building products that enable architects to create beautiful, safe and energy-efficient spaces with advanced glazing systems.

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