Streets as storytellers: Defining places and connecting people

“In a city the street must be supreme. It is the first institution of the city. The street is a room by agreement, a community room, the walls of which belong to the donors, dedicated to the city for common use.” – Louis Kahn

July 21, 2017 |
CallisonRTKL blog
Colorful bikes parked on the street in Dallas

Photo: visitdallas.com 

As an urbanist, I strongly identify with Kahn’s description of streets as primarily a “PLACE.” More than a means of moving people, streets are the lifeblood of our communities. They are the venue where we as citizens collectively share our victories, grieve, and make our voices heard; they shape our culture and our history and provide a stage upon which life unfolds; they are arguably the most fundamental and powerful of public spaces.

While architecture plays a vital role in any great street, it is the place between the buildings where civic life truly thrives. More than any institution or skyline-busting edifice, well-used and vibrant streets are places for everyone to enjoy; places where people collectively coexist, find common interest and experience dynamic connection.

I took up residence in São Paulo and London before moving to Dallas, and I consider myself very fortunate to have always lived in walkable neighborhoods. To me, any city’s story is made up of the collection of experiences one has while strolling its streets. A great street engages the collective senses and is the primary entry point into understanding the makeup of a city, a district or a neighborhood.

In Dallas, as in many other American cities, it is rare to encounter streets that appropriately acknowledge all its users. American streets are predominantly designed and built for the sole purpose of moving cars rather than for people to linger and interact. Transit efficiency comes at the expense of civic life. But our streets are capable of so much more: alongside access to necessary goods and services, streets can provide comfort, social interaction and community engagement, fulfilling a vital role in animating both the social and economic life of a community.

The street as conduit, meeting place and center of commerce and civic expression has historical roots that go back centuries. Now, accommodating each of these uses as well as multi-modal transit (buses, automobiles, cyclists and pedestrians) continues to be a challenge for most urban areas, but certainly one worth tackling. If we take the view that streets are the primary network that link a city’s best assets—key destinations, conveniences and experiences—then it is worthwhile to consider historic examples that, for one reason or another, were spared the wrecking ball, the street widening or the parking expansions of post-war America.

Bishop Arts District in Dallas is one such area: an oasis of vibrant streets that stands as a bold contrast to surrounding areas primarily designed for automobiles and parking. As a transplant from more walkable cities, I immediately recognized Bishop Arts District as a special place. Located in the heart of North Oak Cliff and spanning only four city blocks, Bishop Arts is a true destination offering more than 60 independent boutiques, restaurants, bars, coffee shops and art galleries into an area roughly the size of a big box retailer’s parking lot. Residents gravitate to this district, and for good reason.

The area originated as a commercial center serving a trolley stop in the early 1900s and was Dallas’ busiest trolley stop by the 1930s. When streetcars quit running in the mid-1950s, the buildings were, quite ironically, saved by neglect. The neighborhood’s “inconvenient” location in the middle of Oak Cliff, disconnected from highways, was simply overlooked and fell into disrepair. In the late 1980s, the area was acquired for next to nothing, and in the decade that followed, forty soulful vintage brick buildings were slowly restored and began to breathe new life into the neighborhood. Today, the shops and restaurants reflect a bespoke, one-of-a-kind approach to retail that reinforces the authenticity of the place, creating a close-knit community of entrepreneurs and proud Oak Cliff residents.

Central to the district’s charm and success are its streets. Here, the streets are compact, which encourages people to stop and experience the textures, sights, smells, and sounds of the city. Traveling at four miles per hour versus 40 presents the opportunity to truly connect with our physical surroundings and our fellow citizens. Consequentially, the streets are destinations in their own right; some of the district’s best features are made possible by the streets and sidewalks that invite people to connect, encouraging a more compassionate and empathetic community defined by a unique culture and character.

Perhaps most vital to urban planning, it is here on the street that we really see and understand the human scale. Accommodating activities as simple as window shopping, waiting in line for a hot piece of pie, sitting on a bench listening to live music or even doing nothing at all builds the foundation for what Kahn referred to as the “first institution of the city.” The streets tell our story.

CallisonRTKL blog | CallisonRTKL
CallisonRTKL

For more than five decades, Callison and RTKL have created some of the world’s most memorable and successful environments for developers, retailers, investors, institutions and public entities. In 2015, our two practices came together under the Arcadis umbrella, expanding our sphere of influence and the depth and breadth of our resources. Our team is comprised of more than 2,000 creative, innovative professionals throughout the world who are committed to advancing our clients’ businesses and enhancing quality of life. Our firm-wide blog covers all aspects of architecture and design.

Related Blogs

October 20, 2017 | Office Building Design | CallisonRTKLRashard Willingham

Exploring potential innovations for the co-working industry.

Displays at a department store
September 26, 2017 | Retail Centers | CallisonRTKLKristin Tilley

Department stores are going through a period of transformation in the face of a rapidly changing retail mar...

Neon sign with 'Eat what makes you happy' written
August 31, 2017 | Architects | CallisonRTKLLucy Leonard

The digital and physical worlds are colliding. How will social media platforms influence the way we design...

A lobby at a hospital
August 09, 2017 | Healthcare Facilities | CallisonRTKLRay Brower

CRTKL’s Ray Brower talks design and technology trends and recaps his recent BisNow panel.

June 26, 2017 | Urban Planning | CallisonRTKLDaun St. Amand

As the demand for well-connected urban locales increases, so too has the cost of property and monthly rent;...

May 15, 2017 | Airports | CallisonRTKLKevin Horn

CallisonRTKL Vice President Kevin Horn pinpoints how travel retail is changing dramatically.

April 24, 2017 | Healthcare Facilities | CallisonRTKLSteve Stokes

CRTKL’s Steve Stokes talks sustainability, comfort and community at Al Wakra and in mental health facilitie...

March 27, 2017 | High-rise Construction | CallisonRTKLMaren Striker

CRTKL’s Maren Striker examines Europe’s desire to build upward.

February 17, 2017 | High-rise Construction | CallisonRTKLEugene Park

As new technologies fuel the race to build higher, three primal drivers simultaneously enable progress and...

January 24, 2017 | Retail Centers | CallisonRTKLBret Wiggins

CallisonRTKL's Bret Wiggins discusses how to design the retail environment in a way that taps into the shop...

Overlay Init