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Back to basics: Framing big buildings right

 A look into the most common wood construction framing errors, and how to avoid them, in today’s nonresidential construction industry.

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August 20, 2020 |
APA – The Engineered Wood Association

The demand for commercial and multifamily construction remains high, and the framing industry is expanding to meet this demand. But with inexperienced workers on site, rookie mistakes happen, and sometimes they’re expensive.

APA Engineered Wood Specialists provide training for builders, framers and project managers working on large wood-frame projects—training workers new to the industry, as well as crews switching to large wood-frame projects from concrete and steel. Because so many framers are new to the industry, the training for large wood-frame building covers the basics, like spacing OSB and plywood panels 1/8 inch at their edges and the importance of following the nailing schedule.   

Crews need to understand the load path, a fundamental concept for framing. Is everything accounted for top to bottom? Does it stack? Where do you install hangers and blocking as the building goes up? 

A training approach that covers the basics, the theory and the real-world application helps new framers see the big picture and get up to speed on their skills. This includes beam and joist installation; the dos and don’ts of installing, cutting and notching beams; as well as the design theory that goes behind the guidelines. Another important concept is moisture management, from knowing which materials need to be kept dry to understanding the influence moisture can have on the construction project as a whole: With any building that’s longer than 80 feet in length, special precautions must be taken to prevent accumulated panel expansion in the floors or in the roof assemblies.



APA’s Frame it Right: Back to Basics for Big Buildings on-demand webinar offers basic framing guidance and training, including:

  • The consequences of framing mistakes throughout a building
  • Load path, both vertical and lateral
  • Framing structures from the ground up (including walls, floors and roofs)  
  • How to properly anchor bolts and the importance of hold-down hardware 
  • Minimum recommended fastening  
  • The different types of shear walls   
  • Various framing layouts
  • On-site moisture management and shrinkage 
  • How to use APA resources to prevent mistakes

View Frame it Right at AIA and ICC credit is available. 

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APA – The Engineered Wood Association

For over 85 years, APA – The Engineered Wood Association has focused on helping the industry create structural wood products of exceptional strength, versatility and reliability. Combining the research efforts of scientists at APA’s 42,000 square-foot research with the knowledge gained from decades of field work and cooperation with our member manufacturers, APA promotes new solutions and improved processes.

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