World's busiest land port also to be its greenest
A larger, more efficient, and supergreen border crossing facility is planned for the San Ysidro (Calif.) Port of Entry to better handle the more than 100,000 people who cross the U.S.-Mexico border there each day. The land port operates 24/7 and is the busiest in the world, with an average 90-minute wait time for pedestrians and automobiles. Plans from The Miller Hull Partnership aim to reduce wait times to 30 minutes, with 34 lanes of traffic, each with two stacked inspection booths, and a 110,000-sf vehicle inspection canopy for primary and secondary vehicle inspection. Four masts will rise above the canopy to serve as both aesthetic and functional elements; they'll hold security cameras and lighting as well as pump fresh air into inspection booths below the canopy. The $395 million facility will also have a 200,000-sf administration and operations facility, ancillary buildings for the Department of Homeland Security, a 400-car parking garage, and a connection to Mexico's planned El Chaparral Land Port of Entry. The three-phase project is targeting LEED Platinum and net zero energy with several water conservation strategies (including a 700,000-gallon rainwater reclamation system) that are expected to save 12 million gallons per year and achieve water neutrality, a closed-loop geo-exchange system, a photovoltaic panel array, radiant heating and cooling panels, and native plantings.