Construction spending was a tale of two industries again in November, as soaring single-family construction masked ongoing downturns in private and public nonresidential construction, according to an analysis of new federal construction spending data by the Associated General Contractors of America. Association officials said the new figures underscore the need for new infrastructure investments and other measures to boost demand for nonresidential construction amid the pandemic.
“Private nonresidential construction declined for the fifth-straight month in November, while public nonresidential spending slipped for the fifth time in the past six months,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “Unfortunately, our latest survey finds contractors expect the volume of projects available to bid on in 2021 will be even more meager.”
Construction spending in November totaled $1.46 trillion at a seasonally adjusted annual rate, an increase of 0.9% from the pace in October and 3.8% higher than in November 2019. But the gains were limited to residential construction, which soared 2.6% for the month and 16.2% year-over-year. Meanwhile, private and public nonresidential spending slumped 0.6% from October and 4.7% from a year earlier.
Private nonresidential construction spending decreased for the fifth month in a row, sliding 0.8% from October to November and 9.5% from November 2019. The largest private nonresidential segment, power construction, declined 0.9% for the month. Among the other large private nonresidential project types, commercial construction—comprising retail, warehouse and farm structures—dipped 0.3% for the month, manufacturing construction inched up 0.1%, office construction gained 0.3%, and healthcare construction fell 1.4%.
Public construction spending declined 0.2% for the month but increased 3.1% year-over-year. There were decreases from October to November for most nonresidential categories, although the two largest segments rose: highway and street construction gained 1.8% for the month, while educational construction increased 0.3%.
Private residential construction spending increased for the sixth consecutive month, rising 2.7% in November. Single-family homebuilding jumped 5.1% for the month, while residential improvements spending ticked up 0.2%. Multifamily construction spending was flat.
Association officials said demand for most types of nonresidential construction was likely to remain down for much of the year. They added that they would have more insights on the state of the industry when the association and Sage release their annual Construction Hiring & Business Outlook on Thursday, January 7. In the meantime, they urged the incoming Congress to act quickly to boost investments in infrastructure and pass liability reforms to protect firms that employ necessary safety protocols to protect theirs workers and the public from meritless coronavirus lawsuits.
“Without additional measures to boost demand for nonresidential construction, this year is likely to be a challenging one for the industry,” said Stephen E. Sandherr, the association’s chief executive officer. “The impacts of the pandemic are clearly accumulating for many construction employers.”