China Syndrome: How long will U.S. firms keep milking the Middle Kingdom?

U.S. architecture and engineering firms like Goettsch Partners have been enjoying full employment in China. But will there come a point when Chinese officials—and Chinese designers—say, We can handle this? BD+C's Robert Cassidy digs into this issue.

 

August 29, 2014 |
Rob Cassidy

Qianhai Development - Goettsch Partners, August 2014

Goettsch Partners, the 100-member U.S. design firm headquartered in Chicago, recently informed the world that its Shanghai office of has been hired (with UK firm Benoy) by a developer in China to design a massive project that will entail five commercial towers totaling 450,000 sm in Shenzhen’s Qianhai district—the firm’s largest project to date in China.

The project covers 6.18 hectares and includes five commercial towers totaling 450,000 sm. The overall development totals 503,000 sm and includes three office towers, a five-star hotel tower, an apartment tower, shopping mall, and retail stores. GP is designing all of the towers, as well as the hotel and apartment podiums and their affiliated program spaces. Goettsch’s partner, Benoy, developed the master plan and is designing the shopping mall and retail areas.

Over the last decade, U.S. architecture and engineering firms like Goettsch—firms like Arup, FXFOWLE, Perkins Eastman, Kohn Pedersen Fox, SOM, and others—that have been doing work in the Middle Kingdom have been on a wondrous ride. They’ve enjoyed prestigious, presumably lucrative commissions; the opportunity to do spectacular, innovative buildings that would have a slim chance of being built in the U.S.; even the chance to plan whole cities of the future. A designer’s dream come true.

But I keep asking myself (and, full disclosure, I’ve never been to China—never west of San Francisco, in fact), will Western designers wake up one day to find that China’s state-controlled development entities no longer need their services? When will China have the native expertise to pull off projects like these? They’ve put men in space. They’ve created the second-largest economy in the world. What’s to stop them from pulling the plug once they have the technical know-how? When will the dream end?

I raise this specter having recently read The Man Who Loved China, a splendid book by Simon Winchester. The man in question was Joseph Needham (1900-1995), an English scientist and self-taught Sinologist and historian who, starting in 1943, set out to prove that China, far from being a backwater, was, in fact, a nation of incomparable scientific and cultural genius.

Needham’s quest led to the publication of Science and Civilisation in China, now at 27 volumes. Other researchers are still adding to the opus, based on Needham’s research.

The list of China’s firsts that Needham uncovered could go on forever. Papermaking (300 BC). The formula for gunpowder (9th century AD). The magnetic compass (1088). The first printed book, the Diamond Sutra (868 AD), six centuries before Gutenberg and Caxton. Movable type (11th century AD). The wheelbarrow. The umbrella. The kite, calipers, the sternpost rudder. Chess, porcelain, perfumed toilet paper (for royalty only). All were invented in China decades, even centuries, before they were “invented” by Westerners.

Not convinced? Let’s continue. The first plowshare made of malleable iron. Smallpox inoculation (quelle domage, Monsieur Pasteur). Chains, chain drives, chain suspension bridges. The segmented arch bridge. Breast-strap harnesses for horses (Europeans would use neck ropes to guide their charges for another thousand years). Stirrups, a small device that made riding long distances much more comfortable. The square-pallet chain pump, invented in Christ’s time and still used to irrigate Chinese farms today, it is so efficient.

Can a nation of 1.366 billion allow itself to remain dependent on foreign design and construction expertise? Some committee in Beijing must be pondering that very question.

For the immediate future, there will be plenty of work in China for Western firms. A quarter-billion Chinese will move from farms to cities in the next decade or so. Western firms will be there to design and construct the housing, offices, factories, roads, and whole new cities they’ll need.

China won’t be banging the door shut anytime soon. But remember the words of Emperor Qianlong to England’s Lord Macartney, in 1792: “We possess all things ... I have no use for your country’s manufactures.”

Rob Cassidy | Building Team Blog

Robert Cassidy is Executive Editor of Building Design+Construction. A city planner, he is the author of several books, including “Livable Cities,” and was a co-founder of the Friends of the Chicago River.

Related Blogs

Lexus RX 450h self-driving car. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

May 09, 2016 | AEC Tech | Building Team Blog

Despite popular belief, the country is not in a great age of technological and digital innovation, at least...

Deep Learning + AI: How machines are becoming master problem solvers

The world’s top Go player Lee Sedol puts the first stone against Google’s artificial intelligence program AlphaGo during the third match of the Google DeepMind Challenge match in Seoul, South Korea. Photo: Reuters/Google/Yonhap

March 31, 2016 | AEC Tech | Building Team Blog

Besides revolutionary changes to the world’s workforce, artificial intelligence could have a profound impac...

Yotel, New York City. Photo: JasonParis, flickr creative commons

March 09, 2016 | Hotel Facilities | Building Team BlogRobert Cassidy, Executive Editor

Hotels are going for a new minimalist look to attract younger guests, but some older business travelers don...

Is the booming freelance economy a threat to AEC firms?

Photo: Pixabay

February 24, 2016 | Architects | Building Team Blog

By shifting the work (and revenue) to freelancers, “platform capitalism” startups have taken considerable m...

How the Fourth Industrial Revolution will alter the globe’s workforce

Photo: Pixabay

January 26, 2016 | BIM and Information Technology | Building Team Blog

The next great technological metamorphosis will be unlike anything humankind has experienced before, due to...

Potential vs. credential: How men and women differ in career progress

Courtesy Pixabay

January 05, 2016 | Architects | Building Team BlogDavid Barista, Editorial Director

Recent research suggests that women face yet another career impediment: the confidence gap.

Meet the world’s next great construction superpower

Photo: Wili Hybrid via Wikimedia Commons 

December 23, 2015 | Industry Research | Building Team Blog

There’s a new world construction hotbed coming down the pike (more specifically, the Mumbai Nashik Expressw...

Photo: Deskmag via Wikimedia Commons

December 02, 2015 | Building Team Blog

Researchers at Harvard, SUNY-Upstate Medical Center, and Syracuse University conduct a controlled experimen...

Leadership or limbo: Moving to building green’s next level

3 PNC Plaza. Photo: John Marino via flickr Creative Commons

November 29, 2015 | Green | Building Team Blog

After interviewing more than 50 AEC firms for our Greenbuild Report in the November issue, I wonder if the...

Benjamin Kasdan, AIA, LEED AP, NCARB, Design Director/Senior Designer with KTGY Architecture + Planning, Irvine, Calif. (Class of 2015 40 Under 40 winner)

October 26, 2015 | Building Team Blog

Are you an AEC superstar? The 2016 "40 Under 40" competition is now open for entries. Here are some helpful...

Add new comment

Your Information
Your Comment

Filtered HTML

  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
Refresh Type the characters you see in this picture. Type the characters you see in the picture; if you can't read them, submit the form and a new image will be generated. Not case sensitive.  Switch to audio verification.
Overlay Init