16 recommendations on security technology to take to your K-12 clients

From facial recognition cameras to IP-based door hardware, here are key technology-related considerations you should discuss with your school district clients.

Collin County Sheriff Deputy George White checks a hallway in one of Anna (Texas
Collin County Sheriff Deputy George White checks a hallway in one of Anna (Texas) ISD’s buildings while monitoring two others on his iPad and Galaxy S4 smartphone. For more, see sidebar below.
January 09, 2014

(Editor's Note: This article is the second in BD+C's five-part special report on security design for K-12 school projects. Read the full report.)

 

 

"Will a camera stop crime? No, but it can be a deterrent,” says Pat Lamb, School Safety Director, Irving (Texas) Independent School District. Technology is an important component of school security, but it is no panacea.

The good news is that security technology keeps getting better and better. But security hardware and software—and the systems integration expertise that goes with it—does not come cheap. 

Based on advice from the technical experts consulted for this Special Report, here are key technology-related considerations you should discuss with your school district clients:

1. Look for PTZ cameras, which point, tilt, and zoom. Due to their ability to cover more space on an active basis, you may be able to use fewer cameras with PTZs, thus saving money for your K-12 client.

2. Make sure cameras provide facial recognition at all entry points to the building. The receptionist should not have to ask visitors, “Could you please step back so I can see your face?”

3. Cameras should be capable of at least seven frames/second, says Ultrasafe Security’s Ron Lander, a veteran of 23 years with the LA County Sheriff’s Department.

4. Cameras should be positioned to afford good sight lines down hallways, into stairwells, and outside restrooms and locker areas.

Video system gives SRO two extra sets of eyes

 

Anna ISD, about 50 miles north of Dallas, is one of the fastest-growing school districts in Texas. Several years ago, as the district was about to build a new $58 million school to go along with two elementary schools, a middle school, and an admin/special programs building, Bradley Copass, the district’s IT Director at the time, was worried about his security system.

“It was just not reliable,” he later recalled. The staff had trouble controlling or operating the 140 or so cameras. Sometimes two or three weeks of video would be lost.

Copass dreamed of having a fully integrated system. “I wanted to tie alarms to doors, so that if somebody didn’t have a badge or pulled a door open, we could flag that camera and pull up video from either direction,” he said.

Copass turned to John Laney, Chief Operations Officer with North Texas Communications, for advice. After extensive investigation, they chose the BlueWave Security system. “We wanted a video system where the cameras could talk to the doors,” says Laney. To integrate the system, they brought in 3XLogic. 

It took just three days to install 3XLogic’s VIGIL Central Management software, at a cost of about $120,000. The system monitors all 140 cameras and DVRs and notifies school administrators—via email, text messaging, or local alarm screen pop-ups—of possible security incidents. “Every door is networked, so it has its own brain, even if the building loses power,” says Laney. First responders can access the system and get into any Anna ISD building.

The new system also provides something that every school district in the country would love to have: the ability to “see” into more than one building at a time. This enables the ISD’s School Resource Officer to remotely pull up video cameras on his iPad or smartphone. The next step: providing that same capability to local law enforcement, so that they, too, could “see” inside any Anna ISD school in the event of an incident.

What about metal detectors?

 

Stationary metal detectors may be a necessary evil in schools plagued by gang activity, but they usually aren’t effective. “The kids know how to work the system,” says Larry Johnson, Public Safety Director, Grand Rapids (Mich.) Public Schools.

Instead, Johnson equips his 40 SROs with handheld scanners. “We do it randomly and unannounced,” he says. “Sometimes we run every kid, some days it’s every third or every fifth.”

Inspections have their place, but Johnson prefers to have his officers spend their time gaining students’ trust. “We’ve taken weapons out of our schools, and the information has come from other students who knew about the weapons,” says Johnson.

5. Cameras should have bullet-resistant domes and should not freeze. And never use a “dummy” camera—they don’t serve as a deterrent, says security consultant Ken Glantz.

6. Go for IP-based surveillance systems, rather than analog. “Anyone who’s running coaxial cameras today is outdated,” says Larry Johnson, Security Director, Grand Rapids (Mich.) Public Schools.

7. Investigate PoE, or “power over Ethernet,” for school districts’ camera and door-locking systems, advises John Laney, Chief Operations Officer, North Texas Communications. PoE passes electrical power along with data on Ethernet cabling. This greatly reduces the amount of wiring needed and makes it much easier to retrofit older schools, says Laney.

8. All doors with access to the exterior should able to be locked down; if held open more than, say, 30 seconds, a “Door Open” alarm should be sent to the front office and the School Resource Officer.

9. For retrofits, look into locking systems that let you secure doors through the crash bar or door strike, thus making the “open back door” problem much less of a security risk.

10. Help the school district decide on the appropriate locking protocol for classroom doors. Teachers should have the ability to lock doors from the inside, but there should be a failsafe to prevent children from doing so. There are systems that allow the principal to lock down all classroom doors in an emergency, but the teacher should still be able to open the door to let a child in. In no case should a teacher have to lock the door from outside the classroom.

11. Manual key systems are passé. Keys are too easy to duplicate, or they get lost. IP-based door hardware is the way to go, for new schools or retrofits. 

12. Mass notification systems—for robocalls to first responders, parents, and staff—are readily available from manufacturers, but remind school officials that, with people changing their mobile providers all the time, correct phone numbers have to be constantly updated.

13. Work with the school district security team to find the best options for intercom systems, alarm annunciators, internal notification systems, and two-way radios.

14. Make sure bus drivers’ radios tie in to the main office or to local police—or both. “With some of these systems, the driver can only talk to the bus garage, and the garage has to call the police,” says security consultant Alan Brockbank. “Precious seconds can be lost, and those few seconds matter.”

15. School buildings should have at least a 100-kW UPS power backup for cameras, DVRs, and annunciation/notification systems. UPS systems should be tested on a regular basis and properly maintained.

16. For new and retrofit lighting, consider LEDs. “They’re a little expensive, but the ROI is fantastic, and you want good lighting for security purposes,” says Lander. “If it comes to a hostage situation, you need light, because not every first responder is going to have a nightscope.”

One last suggestion: Because security technology is changing so fast, your firm should assign a staff member to monitor new products, their costs, and their capabilities, not just for use in schools, but in any security-sensitive sector where your firm has a strong presence—retail, hotel, office, financial services, government, and defense.

 

(Editor's Note: This article is the second in BD+C's five-part special report on security design for K-12 school projects. Read the full report.)

         
 

Comments on: "16 recommendations on security technology to take to your K-12 clients"