BD+C Contributing Editor C.C. Sullivan recently penned a thought-provoking essay on whether there's such a thing as architecture that helps protect occupants from gun violence. Gated communities like the Idaho enclave The Citadel constitute one response; hardening walls, cladding, and other building materials is another. Sullivan also considers design for safer schools, as well as memorials that make a lasting mark on landscapes where shootings have occurred.
Check out his ideas below.